Addressing Campus Sexual Violence: A Collaborative Governance Approach to Legal Policy


  • Agus Riwanto Faculty of law, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia
  • M. Noor Harisudin Universitas Islam Negeri Kiai Haji Achmad Siddiq Jember, Indonesia
  • Sukarni Suryaningsih Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Diponegoro Semarang, Indonesia
  • Viddy Firmandiaz Faculty of Social Science and Law, University of Bristol, United Kingdom



Collaborative Governance; Legal Policy; Sexual Violence.


Campus sexual violence is a pervasive issue affecting institutions worldwide, with a concerning upward trend in reported incidents. This article scrutinizes legal policies and the efficacy of collaborative governance in mitigating this pervasive problem. The model of collaborative governance, a globally recognized legal policy approach, is at the heart of this study. Utilizing socio-legal research methods, the article employs comparative legal and conceptual legal approaches, drawing from secondary literature sources. The study reveals that the implementation of legal policies and collaborative governance can significantly curb campus sexual violence in Indonesia. This can be achieved by actively engaging both academic community and the wider public. By drawing lessons from countries such as the United States, the Netherlands, Canada and the United Kingdom, Indonesia can replicate their success in reducing campus sexual crimes. These measures include the creation of legal policies, establishing partnerships with central and local governments, and fostering collaborative governance. Key initiatives that have proven effective in these countries include the development of service guidelines that prioritize victim and survivor protection, amplified anti-sexual violence campaigns on campuses, and the promotion of sexual violence awareness education. The establishment of a National Campus Sexual Assault Commission to evaluate the enforcement of educational ministerial regulations and religious affairs ministerial regulations in preventing and addressing campus sexual violence is also recommended. This article offers valuable insights for policymakers in their efforts to devise effective legal strategies to prevent sexual violence on campus.


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How to Cite

Riwanto, A., Harisudin, M. N., -, S. S., & Firmandiaz, V. (2023). Addressing Campus Sexual Violence: A Collaborative Governance Approach to Legal Policy. Volksgeist: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Dan Konstitusi, 6(2), 225–244.