Local Wisdom of Minority Religious Groups in Indonesia in Humanitarian and Philanthropic Activities Covid-19 Pandemic

Authors

  • Nina Mariani Noor Department of Magister Interdisciplinary Islamic Studies, School of Graduate Studies, Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Ro'fah Department of Magister Interdisciplinary Islamic Studies, School of Graduate Studies, Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Astri Hanjarwati Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Humaniora, Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Siti Khadijah Nurul Aula Department of Religious Studies, Faculty Ushuludin and Islamic Thoughts, Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24090/ibda.v22i1.9694

Keywords:

Local wisdom, minority religious group, Philanthropy, Ahmadiyya, Syiah

Abstract

COVID-19 has impacted people’s lives worldwide as a global pandemic. It is a shocking health issue and generates other economic and societal problems. With its many citizens, Indonesia faces limitations in dealing with this pandemic. The research was initiated due to global COVID-19, which affects Indonesia economically and socially. They utilized local wisdom to support religious minorities via humanitarian efforts. This research explores the charitable and philanthropic efforts of minority religious communities such as Ahmadiyah, Shia, Baha'i, and Sapta Dharma in Yogyakarta, which often face negative perceptions in Indonesia. This study uses qualitative methods to illustrate how minority religious groups participate in helping others in responding to the pandemic. Data was collected through in-depth interviews, Focused Group Discussions, and documentation. The results showed that minority religious groups in Indonesia have the initiative and actively participate in assisting needy people around them as their responsibility as Indonesian citizens, despite the discrimination and hostility they face because of their beliefs. Philanthropic motivations based on religious values, universal humanity, and moral responsibility as a religious group can be viewed as local wisdom. The existence of cultural views in Indonesia for help and mutual assistance makes aid acceptable as a form of brotherhood, which is inversely proportional to the theological rejection of the group.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Arifin, S., & Muthohirin, N. (2019). The Viewpoint of The Young Muhammadiyah Intellectuals towards The Religious Minority Groups in Indonesia. TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf Dan Pemikiran Islam, 9(2), 282–305. https://doi.org/10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.282-305 DOI: https://doi.org/10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.282-305

Bleakley, A., Rough, D., Edwards, J., Doyle, P., Dumbleton, O., Clark, L., Rintel, S., Wade, V., & Cowan, B. R. (2022). Bridging social distance during social distancing: exploring social talk and remote collegiality in video conferencing. Human–Computer Interaction, 37(5), 404–432. https://doi.org/10.1080/07370024.2021.1994859 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07370024.2021.1994859

Courtenay, K., & Perera, B. (2020). COVID-19 and people with intellectual disability: impacts of a pandemic. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 37(3), 231–236. https://doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2020.45 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2020.45

Donner, W., & Rodriguez, H. (2008). Population Composition, Migration and Inequality: The Influence of Demographic Changes on Disaster Risk and Vulnerability. Social Forces, 87(2), 1089–1114. https://doi.org/10.1353/sof.0.0141 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1353/sof.0.0141

Flentje, A., Obedin-Maliver, J., Lubensky, M. E., Dastur, Z., Neilands, T., & Lunn, M. R. (2020). Depression and Anxiety Changes Among Sexual and Gender Minority People Coinciding with Onset of COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 35(9), 2788–2790. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-020-05970-4 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-020-05970-4

Halili. (2016). Supremasi Intoleransi: Kondisi Kebebasan Beragama/Berkeyakinan Dan Minoritas Keagamaan Di Indonesia 2016. Pustaka Masyarakat Setara.

Latief, H. (2012). Islamic Charities and Social Activism: Welfare, Dakwah and Politics in Indonesia.

Lau, L. S., Samari, G., Moresky, R. T., Casey, S. E., Kachur, S. P., Roberts, L. F., & Zard, M. (2020). COVID-19 in humanitarian settings and lessons learned from past epidemics. Nature Medicine, 26(5), 647–648. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-0851-2 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-0851-2

Liputan 6. (2020). Solidaritas Jamaah Ahmadiyya Untuk Warga Tasikmalaya Di Tengah Pandemi Covid-19 - Regional Liputan6.Com. Liputan 6. https://www.liputan6.com/regional/read/4222580/solidaritas-jamaah-Ahmadiyyauntuk-warga-tasikmalaya-di-tengah-pandemi-covid-19.

McCallion, P. (2020). Social Work Response Needed to the Challenge of COVID-19 for Aging People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilties. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 63(6–7), 595–597. https://doi.org/10.1080/01634372.2020.1769791 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01634372.2020.1769791

Nashrullah, N. (2020). Total Penerima Manfaat Bantuan Covid-19 Capai Jutaan Jiwa. Republika. https://khazanah.republika.co.id/berita/qabeyl320/total-penerima-manfaat-bantuan-covid19-capai-jutaan-jiwa

Otu, A., Charles, C. H., & Yaya, S. (2020). Mental health and psychosocial well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic: the invisible elephant in the room. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 14(1), 38. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-020-00371-w DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-020-00371-w

Parker, L., & Hoon, C.-Y. (2014). Special Issue: Education for a Tolerant and Multicultural Indonesia: Introduction. South East Asia Research, 22(4), 459–465. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5367/sear.2014.0229

Qi, F., & Hu, L. (2020). Including people with disability in the COVID-19 outbreak emergency preparedness and response in China. Disability & Society, 35(5), 848–853. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2020.1752622 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2020.1752622

Sharma, V., Scott, J., Kelly, J., & VanRooyen, M. J. (2020). Prioritizing vulnerable populations and women on the frontlines: COVID-19 in humanitarian contexts. International Journal for Equity in Health, 19(1), 66. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-020-01186-4 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-020-01186-4

Singh, I., Chand, K., Singh, A., & Kandadi, K. R. (2020). Time for a culture change: understanding and reducing risk, morbidity and mortality from COVID-19 in those of black and minority ethnicity. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 81(5), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.12968/hmed.2020.0241 DOI: https://doi.org/10.12968/hmed.2020.0241

Van Tongeren, D. R., Aten, J. D., Davis, E. B., Davis, D. E., & Hook, J. N. (2020). Religion, spirituality, and meaning in the wake of disasters. Positive Psychological Approaches to Disaster: Meaning, Resilience, and Posttraumatic Growth, 27–44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-32007-2_3

Vonen, H. D., Olsen, M. L., Eriksen, S. S., Jervelund, S. S., & Eikemo, T. A. (2021). Refugee camps and COVID-19: Can we prevent a humanitarian crisis? Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 49(1), 27–28. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494820934952 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494820934952

Downloads

Published

2024-04-23

How to Cite

Noor, N. M., Ro’fah, Hanjarwati, A., & Aula, S. K. N. (2024). Local Wisdom of Minority Religious Groups in Indonesia in Humanitarian and Philanthropic Activities Covid-19 Pandemic. IBDA` : Jurnal Kajian Islam Dan Budaya, 22(1), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.24090/ibda.v22i1.9694