el-Uqud: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Ekonomi Syariah https://ejournal.uinsaizu.ac.id/index.php/eluqud <p><strong>El-Uqud: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Ekonomi Syariah </strong>focuses on the study of Sharia Economic Law, Islamic Financial Law, and Issues related to Contemporary Economic Laws. <strong>El-Uqud: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Ekonomi Syariah</strong> aims to build a comprehensive understanding of Islamic economics norms in religious texts and their realization in socio-economics life.</p> <p>Publisher : <a href="https://fasya.uinsaizu.ac.id/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Faculty of Syariah</a>, State Islamic University of Professor Kiai Haji Saifuddin Zuhri Purwokerto<br />Frequency : Two times a year at March and September. <br />ISSN (online): 2987-3452<br />ISSN (print) : 2986-7185<br />DOI : 10.24090/eluqud<br />Accredited : <a href="http://sinta2.ristekdikti.go.id/journals/detail?id=752">Not Accredited<br /></a>Indexed by : <a href="https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=BtOZOQQAAAAJ&amp;hl=en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">google Scholar</a>, <a href="https://garuda.kemdikbud.go.id/journal/view/31876" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Garuda</a>, <a href="https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?search_mode=content&amp;search_text=el-Uqud%3A%20Jurnal%20Kajian%20Hukum%20Ekonomi%20Syariah%20&amp;search_type=kws&amp;search_field=full_search" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Dimesions</a><br />OAI Address: <a href="http://ejournal.uinsaizu.ac.id/index.php/jkhes?verb=ListSets">http://ejournal.uinsaizu.ac.id/index.php/eluqud</a></p> Fakultas Syariah UIN Prof. K.H. Saifuddin Zuhri en-US el-Uqud: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Ekonomi Syariah 2986-7185 Analisis Konsep Haq Al-Ta’lif dan Relevansinya dengan Perlindungan Hak Kekayaan Intelektual (Studi Pemikiran Wahbah al-Zuhaili) https://ejournal.uinsaizu.ac.id/index.php/eluqud/article/view/7953 <p><em>This article discuss the thought of Wahbah al-Zuhaili-as a representation of a personjurist-on intellectual property rights. In Indonesia, violations of intellectual property rights continue to occur even after laws and regulations have regulated them. Even some religious groups consider that plagiarism of written works is permissible in religion. Even though Islam itself regulates and maintains individual rights in such a way through the concept of property rights. Islamic law in the early period did not mention intellectual property rights directly. Wahbah al-Zuhaili in his work discussed haq al-ta’lif (the right of a work). Therefore, to analyze this, the researcher used a library research method with a normative approach. Researcher found that the relevance of the concept haq al-ta'lif with the protection of Intellectual Property Rights in general is first, intellectual property rights recognized by law are protected personal rights advice' even when a country's laws do not provide for it. Second, plagiarizing and disseminating (commercializing) without the rights owner's permission is tyranny which is a vice. Third, the owner of the right has the right to confiscate and stop the production of the perpetrators. Fourth, the owner of the right is entitled to compensation for moral and material losses for the stolen work. Fifth,a work can be used by other parties with the existence of an agreement on a certain object with a specified time.</em></p> Chuzaimatus Saadah Copyright (c) 2023 el-Uqud: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Ekonomi Syariah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 1 2 71 81 10.24090/eluqud.v1i2.7953 Civil Law System and Its Relationship with The Development of Islamic Economic Law in Indonesia https://ejournal.uinsaizu.ac.id/index.php/eluqud/article/view/8472 <p><em>Indonesia adheres to a civil law system. However, in reality, several regulations in Indonesia are derived from Islamic law (Sharia) and customary law, which are part of the common law system. This article will discuss the relationship between the current civil law system in Indonesia and its connection to Islamic economic law in Indonesia, influenced by the common law system. The curriculum used for this study is the normative legal curriculum, with Indonesian legislation as the primary source of analysis.</em></p> <p><em>The result of this research indicates that civil law in Indonesia today does not appear to be purely civil law, as Indonesia draws from many sources, including customary law and Islamic law. Islamic law is a clear example of legislation in Indonesia that is adopted from the common law system, such as laws regarding marriage, endowments, and others. Many regulations stem from Islamic law, although they mainly serve as guidelines for judges in resolving family law disputes within the realm of Sharia economic matters. The implementation of Islamic Economic Law (KHES) by the Supreme Court Regulation No. 2 of 2008 is evidence of the connection between Indonesian law and Islamic Sharia, even from other countries. Some of its principles are derived from the Code of Justice, which was applied as the official law of the Ottoman Empire</em>.</p> Nurul Azizah Copyright (c) 2023 el-Uqud: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Ekonomi Syariah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 1 2 83 100 10.24090/eluqud.v1i2.8472 Akad Musyarakah dari Teori ke Praktik (Studi Kasus di Bank Syariah Mandiri KCP Majenang) https://ejournal.uinsaizu.ac.id/index.php/eluqud/article/view/8632 <p><em>One of the solutions to avoid usury practices in banking is the implementation of the musyarakah contract. Among the banks that have applied the musyarakah contract is Bank Syariah Mandiri at its branch office in Majenang, located at Jalan Diponegoro No. 60, Majenang. However, in practice, it may not be possible to implement it 100% in accordance with the fiqh concept formulated by past scholars. There are several transformations of the fiqh concept, including in the form of musyarik, contract motifs, collateral requirements, types of business, profit-sharing distribution, profit-sharing ratios, the presence of penalties, musyarik's concern for the business being conducted, and the allocation of work. Some of these transformations have been legalized by the Fatwa of the National Sharia Board (DSN-MUI), such as collateral requirements, while others contradict the Fatwa of the DSN-MUI, such as in the event of losses in the business conducted. Additionally, some aspects align with the opinion of a contemporary scholar, particularly regarding the division of labor.</em></p> Imron Hamzah Copyright (c) 2023 el-Uqud: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Ekonomi Syariah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 1 2 101 106 10.24090/eluqud.v1i2.8632 Lelang Aset Digital melalui Non-Fungible Token dalam Perspektif Hukum Ekonomi Syariah https://ejournal.uinsaizu.ac.id/index.php/eluqud/article/view/8304 <p>Lelang melalui <em>Non-fungible Token</em> (NFT) merupakan fenomena yang cukup baru yang terjadi di era digital, sehingga perlu dicarikan standar hukumnya. Dalam lelang melalui Non-fungible Token pembeli hanya melakukan penawaran melalui website dan dikenakan biaya yang cukup tinggi untuk setiap penawarannya. Sedangkan pembayarannya menggunakan uang kripto (<em>cryptocurrency</em>). Kajian ini bersifat kualitatif dengan pendekatan normatif dalam menjawab permasalahan bagaimana hakikat lelang aset digital melalui NFT dan bagaimana perspektif Hukum Ekonomi Syariah. Kajian ini berkesimpulan bahwa jual beli benda digital sebenarnya tidaklah dilarang, termasuk jual beli NFT dengan teknologi <em>blockchain</em> yang kecanggihannya dapat menyimpan data tanpa bisa dihapus, sehingga dapat meminimalisir terjadinya pemalsuan. Namun karena undang-undang di Indonesia telah menetapkan rupiah sebagai alat pembayaran yang sah di negara Indonesia, maka jual beli aset digital dalam bentuk NFT menjadi tidak sah karena alat pembeliannya menggunakan <em>cryptocurrency</em>. Selain itu, lelang aset digital melalui NFT untuk saat ini juga dilarang bagi umat Islam karena Majelis Ulama Indonesia menetapkan hukum haram terkait penggunaan <em>cryptocurrency</em> disebabkan belum adanya <em>underlying</em> atau otoritas yang mengaturnya, sehingga mengandung unsur <em>gharar</em>, <em>dharar</em> dan <em>qimar</em>, yang dikhawatirkan tidak membawa maslahah bagi pengguna <em>cryptocurrency</em> sehingga diharamkan.</p> Sifa Barokah Aini Copyright (c) 2023 el-Uqud: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Ekonomi Syariah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 1 2 107 117 10.24090/eluqud.v1i2.8304 Otoritas Mahkamah Syar'iyah di Aceh dalam Eksekusi Jaminan Fidusia Berdasarkan Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Pasca Penegsahan Qanun No 11 Tahun 2018 Lembaga Keuangan Syariah di Aceh https://ejournal.uinsaizu.ac.id/index.php/eluqud/article/view/7574 <p><em>Sharia Economic Disputes in Aceh Province after the enactment of regulation No. 11 of 2018 concerning Sharia Financial Institutions are increasing. Fiduciary Guarantee as one of the guarantees in the form of a murabahah agreement contract between Islamic financial institutions and customers is also often colored by disputes in Aceh, the increasing number of disputes in the form of fiduciary guarantees increasingly makes the Syar'iyah Court of Absolute competence has a big role and responsibility in adjudicating sharia economic disputes in Aceh. This study aims to determine the authority of the Syar'iyah Court in Aceh in adjudicating and deciding various Sharia Economic dispute issues in Aceh as well as the factors that cause customers to dispute and Islamic financial institutions to seize collateral both through litigation and non-litigation channels. This research method uses a form of qualitative research with case study research techniques. The types of data collected are primary and secondary data. The findings are for the government and Islamic Financial Institutions to mitigate more quickly related to potential sharia economic disputes and the Syar'iyah Court has the authority to execute fiduciary guarantees by means of creditors making applications to local courts.</em></p> Afri Hasni Putra Copyright (c) 2023 el-Uqud: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Ekonomi Syariah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 1 2 119 131 10.24090/eluqud.v1i2.7574