Kedewasaan Usia Perkawinan Perspektif Hadis Nabi Muhammad dengan Pendekatan Interkoneksitas Maslahah

  • Abdul Gaffar Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kendari
  • M Ali Rusdi Institut Agama Islam Negeri Parepare
  • Akbar Akbar Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kendari https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1088-3674
Keywords:
maturity, marriage, hadith, prophet traditions, benefits

Abstract


Indonesian Muslims have not maximally applied maturity of marriage age as an important aspect in obtaining marital success. Apart from the concept of maturity of diverse marriage age, divorces and many marital problems based on the immaturity of a married couple still rife in Indonesia. The government has even issued regulations related to the age of marriage through Law number 1 of 1974 that was revised by Law number 16 of 2019, which stipulates that marriage is limited to a minimum age of 19 years for the two brides. This article aims to find the concept of quality-oriented marriage age to complement the quantity-oriented idea as applied by the Indonesian government and as understood differently by Muslims based on the opinions of the scholars (‘ulamÄ). This article abstracts the concept of the ideal age of marriage from the instructions of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH as the primary reference of Islamic teachings by discussing the hadÄ«th using the ma‘ÄnÄ« al-hÌ£adīṡ analysis with three interpretation techniques namely textual, intertextual, and contextual interpretation to obtain comprehensive meaning. The results of the examination show that the hadÄ«th requires the criteria for the maturity of the marriage age in the form of religious, physical, financial, and social maturity. These qualitative criteria fulfill the element of maqÄá¹£id al-syarī‘ah and are interconnected so that they should be actualized as a new basis in the formulation of policies related to the maturity of marriage age in Muslim societies.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abū Dāwud, Sulaimān bin al-Asy‘aṡ al-Sijistānī. Sunan Abī Dāwud. Edited by Syu‘aib Al-Arnaūṭ and Muhammad Kāmil. Dār al-Risālah al-‘Ālamiyah, 2009.

Ahmadi, Khodabakhsh, Esfandiar Azad-Marza, and Seyed Mahdi Nabipoor Ashrafi. “The Influence of Religiosity on Marital Satisfaction.” Journal of Social Sciences 4, no. 2 (2008): 103–10. doi:10.3844/jssp.2008.103.110.

Al-Andalūsī, Sulaimān bin Khalaf. Al-Muntaqa Syarḥ Al-Muwaṭṭa’. Kairo: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islamī, 1332.

Al-Bukhārī, Muhammad bin Ismā‘īl. Ṣaḥīḥ Al-Bukhārī. Dār Ṭūq al-Najāt, 1422.

Al-Ḥajjāj, Muslim bin. Ṣaḥīh Muslim. Bairut: Dār Iḥyā al-Turāṡ al-‘Arabī, n.d.

Al-Jazar, ‘Abd. al-Raḥmān. Al-Fiqh ’ala Mażāhib Al-Arba’ah. Mesir: Dār al-Qalam, 1979.

Al-Jirjānī, Ali bin Muhammad. Kitāb al-Ta‘Rīfāt. Bairut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah, 1983.

Al-Mauṣilī, Abū Ya’la Ahmad bin Alī. Musnad Abī Ya’la. Damaskus: Dār al-Ma’mūn li al-Turāṡ, 1984.

Al-Munāwī, Abd al-Raūf. Al-Tauqīf ‘alā Muhimmat Al-Ta’Ārif. Kairo: ‘Alam al-Kutub, 1990.

Al-Nasā’ī, Abū ‘Abd al-Raḥmān Ahmad bin Syu’aib. Sunan Al-Nasā’ī. Helb: Maktabah al-Mathbū’ah al-Islāmiyah, 1986.

Al-Nawawī, Yaḥyā bin Syarf. Al-Minhāj Syarḥ Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. Bairut: Dar Iḥyā’ al-Turāṡ al-‘Arabī, 1392.

Al-Qārī, Abu al-Ḥasan Nūr al-Dīn al-Mulla al-Harawī. Mirqah Al-Mafātīḥ Syarḥ Misykah Al-Maṣābiḥ. Bairut: Dār al-Fikr, 2002.

Al-Sya’rāwī, Muhammad Mutawwalī. Tafsīr Al-Sya’rāwī. Mathabi’ Akhbar al-Yaum, 1997.

Al-Żuḥailī, Wahbah bin Muṣṭafā. Al-Fiqh Al-Islāmī Wa Adillatuh. IV. Damaskus: Dār al-Fikr, 1997.

Balkanlioglu, Mehmet Ali, and Bullet Assist. “Questioning The Relationship between Religion and Marriage: Does Religion Affect Long-Lasting Marriage? Turkish Couple’s Practice of, Perception of, and Attitudes Towards Religion and Marriage.” The Journal of International Social Research 7, no. 31 (2013): 515–23.

BKKBN. “Ingin Nikah, Harus Perhatikan Usia Ideal. Ini Yang Direkomendasikan BKKBN.” Post, 2018.

BPS. “Cegah Perkawinan Anak, Pemerintah Luncurkan Stranas PPA.” Kegiatan Statistik, 2020. https://www.bps.go.id/news/2020/02/14/363/cegah-perkawinan-anak--pemerintah-luncurkan-stranas-ppa.html.

Ermawati, Hery, and Metti Verawati. “Kesehatan Ibu Dan Bayi Pada Pernikahan Dini.” Media Ilmu Kesehatan 3, no. 3 (2014): 132–39.

Ghazali, Abd. Rahman. Fiqh Munakahat. Jakarta: Kencana, 2006.

Ibn Al-‘Arabī, Muhammad bin ‘Abdillah Abū Bakr. Aḥkām Al-Qur’ān. Bairut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmīyah, 2003.

Ibn Mājah, Muhammad bin Yazīd al-Quzwainī. Sunan Ibn Mājah. Edited by Muhammad Fu’ād ‘Abd Al-Bāqī. Kairo: Dār Iḥyā al-Kutub al-‘Arabiyah, n.d.

Indonesia, Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik. Salinan Undang-undang No. 16 tahun 2019 (2019).

Maftukhah, Iin Musriani. “Hubungan Antara Pernikahan Dini Dengan Perceraian Pada Wanita Di Indonesia: Analisis Data Survei Demografi Dan Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2012.” Universitas Indonesia, 2018.

Riḍā, Muhammad Rasyīd. Tafsīr Al-Manār. Kairo: al-Haiah al-Miṣriyyah al-Ammah li al-Kitāb, 1990.

Shihab, M. Qurasih. Wawasan Al-Qur’an; Tafsir Maudhu’i Atas Pelbagai Persoalan Umat. XIX. Bandung: Mizan, 2007.

Shihab, Quraish. Ensklopedi Al-Qur’an; Kajian Kosa Kata,. Edited by Sahabuddin. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2007.

Statistik, Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional Badan Pusat. “Survei Demografi Dan Kesehatan Indonesia,” 2012.

Thahir, Halil. Ijtihad Maqāṣidi; Rekonstruksi Hukum Islam Berbasis Interkoneksi Maṣlaḥah. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2015.

Zakariya, Aḥmad bin Fāris bin. Mu‘jam Maqāyīs Al-Lugah. Kairo: Ittihad al-Kitab al-’Arab, 2002.
Published
2021-06-11
How to Cite
Gaffar, A., Rusdi, M., & Akbar, A. (2021). Kedewasaan Usia Perkawinan Perspektif Hadis Nabi Muhammad dengan Pendekatan Interkoneksitas Maslahah. Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam, 15(1), 83-98. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24090/mnh.v15i1.3731
Section
ARTICLES
Share |
Abstract viewed = 242 times
PDF downloaded = 181 times